What is a scale?
According to Wikipedia, a scale is any set of musical notes ordered by fundamental frequency or pitch. A scale ordered by increasing pitch is an ascending scale, and a scale ordered by decreasing pitch is a descending scale.
Don't worry if I overloaded you with a definition like this, it will make sense when I explain this and you practice I hope
this easy to follow scale.
The first scale you will always learn on the piano is the "C" Major scale. Why? Because there are no flats and sharps, which I'll save for another lesson as we progress. Just know that this scale doesn't involve any black keys on the piano, just white keys. Now when people ask about the middle "C" and why it is called that; well it is due to the fact that specific "C" is the LAST
note on the bass clef and the FIRST
note on the treble clef(1st pic related). Although, that is technically not true, but for now just follow me here. Music Theory is notorious for bending its rules, you have to take my word on this.
Now, you should understand why middle "C" is known as middle "C". Also, second pic is a excellent reference to find middle "C", although you will memorize the location on different sizes of pianos as time goes on.
Now, for the meta, this is where I will show you the secret code of figuring what makes up a MAJOR
scale. Once you know this, you can essentially teach yourself all twelve major scales. But if you are not confident enough, here's a link to all of the major scales that you can play on the piano:
Anyways, here's the secret code and I will guide you through with the help of the second picture. If you are good at math, this will easily make sense to you since this is just like using a mathematical formula.
In music, we take steps. What are steps?
Steps are essentially moving from one tone to the next. You may be asking, how the fuck am I suppose to know which tone is which? There is a musical alphabet that only uses seven letters: "A","B","C","D","E","F", and "G"
They will cycle through the tones in this order, as you repeat the cycle up or down you essentially went up or down an octave. An octave is basically a set of eight notes that form the scale. See, it is all coming back together.
I guess I was wrong about holding back on flats and sharps since I have to talk about whole steps and half steps. You will encounter the black keys doing either those since it fits in the musical formula I am saving to the end.
Whole steps are essential step up or down of a full tone. Using the example of the "C" Major Scale, you got from "C" to "D" to "E", which are two whole steps. You are skipping the note that is immediately next to them, aka the black keys.
Half-steps are just taking a half of a whole step. So in the context of the "C" Major scale, that is "E" to "F" and "B" to "C" since those keys are immediately next to each other. A better example is something that a lot of non-musicians should be familiar since all it is playing all the notes up and down, this is called the Chromataic Scale(3rd pic). This is the first twelve-tone scale, requiring all twelve notes in the octave. This could also help you be aware of how different octaves sound from further left or right regions of the piano. This scale would easily familiarize you in how half-steps work since it is semitone to semitone like the aforementioned "E" to "F" and "B" to "C" in the C Major scale.
Before I get to the secret, I have to talk about accidentals. They are note modifiers, so they can raise it up(sharp, #) or bring it down (flat, ♭) by one semi-tone, there are others but these two are most common you will see in music. Then, you have the natural symbol, ♮, which cancels any accidental. Careful, because certain scales have built-in flats and sharps in their scales(OP 1st pic), so technically a natural can also be an accidental in that context.
For the next lesson, I will be going over the time and key signatures in music. If you need any clarifications, just
Edited last time by Muses on 10/04/2019 (Fri) 14:43:39.